Hawaiians demand justice after pollution of water source from navy facility
On December 10, the Hawaii Department of Health announced that the Navy found gasoline and diesel-range hydrocarbons in the Red Hill shaft. For eight decades, the Navy has stored upwards of 200 million gallons of fuel only about 100 feet above an underground aquifer
The US Navy has poisoned the largest water source on the Hawaiian island of Oahu. On December 10, the Hawaii Department of Health announced that the Navy found gasoline and diesel-range hydrocarbons in the Red Hill shaft. The levels detected were up to 350 times what the State considers safe for drinking water.
For eight decades, the Navy has stored upwards of 200 million gallons of fuel only about 100 feet above the underground aquifer that supplies 77% of the island’s water. This public health disaster has been years in the making, as the tanks have been leaking on a regular basis for decades.
The Red Hill shaft is one of three wells run by the Navy near the Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam military base. The wells serve military families in the base housing and local residents, as well as several elementary schools and day care centers.
State officials say that around 93,000 people have been affected.
Residents have reported symptoms like respiratory problems, headaches, sore throat, stomach pain, diarrhea and vomiting. The Department of Health has advised residents to avoid “using the water for drinking, cooking, bathing, dishwashing, laundry or oral hygiene (brushing teeth, etc.)” if they smell a fuel odor in their water.
Petrochemicals in water can cause leukemia, miscarriages and birth defects.
Navy denies and lies on decades-long water contamination crisis
Since the Red Hill facility was built in 1943, it has recorded at least 73 fuel leaks totaling 180,000 gallons, according to the environmentalist organization the Sierra Club. The Navy disputes these numbers.
According to a 2018 report by a Navy consultant, there is a one in three chance of a leak of up to 30,000 gallons of fuel at any time, in any given year. The Navy has attempted to downplay the report, telling regulators that it disagrees with the findings.
A 2009 analysis by the Navy predicted that a leak of 16,000 gallons could contaminate the military’s own water supply with a carcinogen called benzene. This year alone, almost 16,000 gallons of fuel and fuel-laced water have leaked at Red Hill.
The most-publicized leak happened in 2014, when 27,000 gallons leaked from one of the tanks. The Navy tried to blame it on a mistake made by a contractor, but a systems analyst revealed that alarms signaling a leak were ringing for a month and were ignored by officials.
The Environmental Protection Agency and Hawaii Department of Health implemented a performance improvement plan requiring the Navy to upgrade its facility to better protect the aquifer by 2037. The Navy has openly stated that it has no intention of meeting that deadline.